The term “autofiction movie” first appeared on the theatrical release poster for Dark Lady Blues. It describes a form of filmmaking in which the line between fantasy and reality is intentionally ambiguous. It can be unclear whether actors are in or out of character, and fictional scenes are often shot alongside non-actors in live settings. In addition cuts may be sudden and jarring and audio/video disjunct. The style is derived from Bertolt Brecht’s distancing effect.
So far the genre has been applied to essays and novels as opposed to films. In an article for The Atlantic, Nicholas Dames defines autofiction as “a French neologism dating from the 1970s and denoting a genre that refuses to distinguish between fiction and truth, imagination and reality, by merging the forms of autobiography and novel.”